Tag Archives: damaged hair

20 Different Hairloss Conditions you should know about

washing-and-massaging-hair

Spotting the signs

13 HAIR LOSS CONDITIONS

article by Diane Shawe Author of Getting Started in the hair extensions business

There is no single explanation for hair loss but reasons can include:

  • Natural ageing process
  • Poor nutrition
  • Nervous disorders
  • Hormonal imbalances
  • Serious illness
  • Certain medications
  • Chemotherapy and radiotherapy
  • Hereditary/genetic factors

Hair loss can have a devastating effect.  It’s important to know that the earlier a hair loss problem is diagnosed, the better the chances are of treating it.  We always recommend seeing a qualified hair specialist to diagnose conditions.

Common hair loss conditions include:

Androgenic Alopecia (‘Pattern Baldness’)

This is one of the most common forms of hair loss.  It affects both men and women and occurs in distinct patterns. In men, this form of hair loss is very obvious.  At the end of the process – which can take from 15-25yrs – the only hair remaining is at the sides and the back of the head. Roughly one third of all women are affected by this type of hair loss normally on the vertex (top of the head) with the front hairline often intact.  The process of shedding is on average 50-100 hairs a day.


Alopecia Areata

This condition manifests itself in patchy hair loss, usually starting with a small spot that can spread.  It is an auto-immune disease where the body attacks itself, killing off the hair. In general, the onset of alopecia can be caused by illness and raised temperature, shock, viruses, inoculations, medication or a period of extreme stress 2-6 months before a bald patch appears. It’s important to remember that early diagnosis and treatment can minimise the effects of the condition.  Following diagnosis, many patients are extremely anxious which can also exacerbate the problem.  It is advisable to seek specialist advice on how relieve stress and help hair growth to resume.

Alopecia Totalis

Alopecia Totalis is condition in which total loss of scalp hair occurs and can follow on from unchecked alopecia areata.

Alopecia Universalis

The result is a loss of all body hair including eyebrows and eyelashes.  This form of hair loss is very distressing.

Telogen Effluvium or ‘Diffuse Hair Loss’

This condition manifests itself in shedding from all parts of the scalp.  A great deal of hair is shed before the effects become noticeable.  Telogen Effluvium can be caused by high fever, thyroid, postnatal depression, anaemia, surgery, medication, emotional stress, shock, dental treatment, surgery or dieting.  During pregnancy, high levels of female hormones generate healthy hair.  Some women can experience diffuse hair loss after childbirth.

Chemotherapy and radiotherapy hair loss

Chemotherapy or radiotherapy drugs work by attacking rapidly-growing cancer cells in the body.  Because hair follicle cells also multiply very quickly – like cancer cells – chemotherapy drugs have difficulty in discerning the difference.  This means that cancer treatment also destroys fast-growing hair cells and the hair falls out.  Damage is not irreparable however and hair usually grows back 6-8 weeks after chemotherapy treatment has ended.

Trichotillomania

A rare form of Alopecia that is extremely stressful and caused by a patient self-harming i.e. pulling his or her own hair out.  Given the psychology surrounding this condition, sufferers may not initially admit to pulling their hair out.  Although young children can be particularly prone to Trichotillomania, it normally affects adolescent age groups.

Scarring Conditions

Several scarring conditions may includeLichen Planus, Lupus Erythematosus, Folliculitis Decalvans and Pseudo Pelade.  These conditions can be slowly progressive and scarring of the scalp causes permanent hair loss.

Traction Alopecia

A condition often caused by hair extensions or hair styles that cause physical trauma to the scalp e.g. cornrows, tight braiding which causes patchy to total hair loss prodominately around the hairline becomes weak and stops growing.

In addition to hair loss problems, scalp disorders can include:

Dandruff (Pityriasis capitis)This condition is all too familiar and about half of all Caucasians will have had dandruff to some degree before they are 20.  In most people, it disappears after the age of 50 or so. Dandruff is associated with a tiny yeast called pityrosporum ovale, which is normally permanently present on the scalp.  In dandruff, there is an increase in the regular loss of cells from the skin surface and they are lost more quickly.  As more cells are lost, the yeast grows more rapidly.  These cells may clump together to produce the all-too-familiar flakes of dandruff. 

Eczema and Dermatitis

Psoriasis – Chronic skin condition affecting 3% of the population.  It appears as raised, inflamed skin topped with silvery white scales.  In severe cases the whole of the scalp may be covered by scales and there may well be some hair loss.  Severe cases are extremely uncomfortable and distressing.

Seborrhoeic Dermatitis – Scaling condition characterised by yellow, branny scales on the scalp and red, irritated skin.  It is sometimes associated by an unusually greasy scalp.  In babies, the condition is known as ‘Cradle Cap’. It can also affect the nose, eyebrows and ears.  In severe cases, Seborrhoeic Dermatitis may lead to hair loss.

Infections

Head Lice (Pediculosis Capitis) – Infestation of parasites living off human hosts.  The hosts are 6-legged creatures, 2 – 4 mm in size and grey in colour.  They are found near the hairline, at the nape of the neck and around the ears.  This condition is highly infectious (ova hatch within 5-8 days).  Lice can live off the human scalp for up to 48 hours in scarves, hats, chair backs, combs, brushes etc.

Impetigo – Bacterial infection of the skin that results in weeping, crusted sores and produces itching.  It is often seen in young children and is highly contagious.

Ringworm – Fungal infection which appears as pink, scaly patches on the skin.  It is more likely to be caught from animals than from humans.

Reassuringly, many scalp conditions can be prevented or cured and there are a number of treatments available.  It is always advisable to act quickly.  For further in-depth information call us on 0800 083 2312

The Benefits of Steaming Hair Extensions

Having you hair extensions steamed can be an effective tool that adds moisture, restores color vibrancy and strengthens the elasticity of dead hair not to mension the benefits to your own hair.

Article by Diane Shawe

According to master signature hair extensionist and author Diane Shawe the steamer uses heat and water to lift the cuticle on the hair shaft and allow conditioners and treatments to penetrate and condition hair.

Another benefit of hair steamers is that the moist heat encourages blood flow to the scalp, aided circulation of the scalp equals healthier, longer growing hair when hidden away under hair extensions.

Black women with natural hair have used steamers for years because it helps to hydrate and define their coils. It is also recommended steaming for women who are transitioning from chemically-relaxed or colour treated hair to use steaming

Whether you have blonde, fine or coarse hair, long or short, or no hair extensions your hair will benefit from hair steaming.

Diane advises doing a steam treatment every two weeks to build up moisture retention. If alternating between pre-shampoo oil and deep conditioning treatments, Just be sure not to overdo it, because over-steaming can actually over-moisturise the hair making it limp and weak.

Solutions to thinning hair

Amongst other benefits, steaming helps to increase blood circulation and flush toxins from the body. But since this post is about haircare and hair extensions, we are infinitely more interested in the benefits to hair. This is an area that is still very much in debate, with the science behind it a work in progress.

That being said the reputed benefits of steam for hair are:

1. Added moisture
2. Increases hair shine
3. Softens hair making it more manageable
4. Decreasing de-tangling time by reducing tangles and knots
5. Reduces hair breakage
6. Reduces dandruff and helps with exfoliating the scalp by softening flaking skin making it easier to remove
7. Hair feels healthier

Pre-pooing
Pre-pooing is simply using some sort of conditioning treatment on the hair prior to shampooing. This can be with oils, special treatment conditioners or even regular old instant conditioners. Adding steam at this stage can often increase the efficacy of the treatment.

Deep conditioning
This is the point where most people incorporate steam as it’s the easiest and most obvious. The steam increases the absorption potential of the conditioning product used whilst providing additional moisture. Apply the deep conditioning product to the hair then add steam via whichever method you prefer. Steam should be used for 15-20 minutes but no longer than 30 minutes.

Oil Rinsing
This involves covering the hair in a light layer of oil, leaving it to sit for a while then rinsing it out. This helps keep hair lubricated reducing tangles and single strand knots. It also adds shine and depending on the oil used, can add strength. I like coconut oil as it penetrates the hair shaft and help reduce hygral fatigue. Using a steamer can take this process to the next level by helping the oil absorb even more deeply. After applying the oil, leave it to sit under steam for 15-20 minutes then rinse with cold water. Dont use too much as this can make the hair heavy during styling.

Using the steam room at the gym/spa
Whenever I use the gym or go to a spa with a steam room, I always make sure to pack my deep conditioner. It’s a great way to get a full body steam session going. You can slather the conditioner on your dry hair, no need to add a shower cap walk in and steam away.

Get a copy of Diane Shawe book from Amazon

14 solutions to help solve why your hair is thinning

suffering-from-thin-limp-hair

Solutions to thinning hair

Thinning hair help

Whilst your hair brush seems like it is packed with more and more loose strands of your hair or an ever-scrawnier ponytail can be startling but doesn’t necessarily mean anything’s wrong. By age 50, half of women will complain of hair loss. “As we age, overall hair density changes and individual strands become finer,” says dermatologist Doris J. Day. But just because thinning is natural doesn’t mean you have to accept it. Here are 12 solutions to help you keep the hair out of your brush and on your head.

healthymealsMeals

Now, this is easy! Hair thrives on protein, iron, zinc, and vitamin B12. Get them from lean meats, leafy greens, nuts, beans, and fish. 

 

washing-and-massaging-hairMassage

You’re halfway there every time you shampoo: massaging your head in the shower improves blood flow to the scalp. This means a better environment for hair growth, but it also aids the penetration of any treatment shampoos you use.

 1-styling-equipmentStyling

It’s the easiest fix you never considered. Hair dryers and irons, especially if you already color, can cause breakage and thinning, so reduce your use however you can.

 

1-minoxidil-for-thinning-hairMinoxidil

As the only FDA-approved proven ingredient, the drug has years of research to back it up—and about 50% of women using it see improvement. “Minoxidil can enhance the size of the follicle so that it produces a bigger strand of hair,” says Diane Shawe.

Try Pantene Expert Minoxidil Topical Solution Hair Regrowth Treatment for Women

1-viviscal-to-thicken-hair Viviscal

Sometimes a supplement is all you need. The combination of fish protein, vitamin C, zinc, biotin, and niacin in Viviscal supplements encourages the body to produce healthier, thicker strands.

Blood Work

blood-test-tubesRoutine blood work can test your ferritin (iron stored in the blood) and vitamin D. Low levels can lead to hair loss, and the fix may be as simple as adding an iron or vitamin supplement. And hey, you’re probably overdue for a checkup anyway!

 
1-laser-hair-loss-treatmentLasers

Laser treatments reduce the inflammation in follicles that inhibits them from regenerating. In a recent study, researchers saw significant increases in density after 26 weeks of twice-weekly treatments with a medical-grade lasers.

 

 
destressing-beathingStress Relief

Just breathe—seriously, it could help! Both sudden and chronic stress can halt hair growth. If you’ve been through a challenging experience (divorce, job change, death in the family or house move), hair should grow back. If you’re under constant pressure, master meditation—easier said than done, but your hair will thank you.

Hormone Help
 
Hormone Help

If it’s serious, consider an Rx. Some women are genetically predisposed to female-pattern hair loss, and birth control pills can suppress overproduction of male hormones. At menopause, thinning increases; if you’re on hormone therapy, it may minimise hair loss.

1-cortisone-shotsCortisone Shots

They hurt, but they work. lnjecting cortisone directly into the scalp blocks the hormonal activity that induces hair thinning. This works especially well in patients with inflammatory scalp disease. However this should be done by a qualified practitioner.

1-chinese-medicine-for-circulation-and-hair-lossBad Blood?

According to practitioners of traditional Chinese medicine, hair health is tied to two things: kidney energy and the blood, which nourish the hair. The solution: acupuncture and Chinese herbs.

doctors-adviceThe Doctor Will See You Now

Every once in a while, hair loss is a symptom of something else that’s going on with your body. If your hair loss is sudden and excessive or simple solutions aren’t working, talk with your doctor about other possibilities, including:

  • Hormone irregularities
  • Thyroid abnormalities
  • Lupus
  • Anemia
Change your hairstyle

There are some hairstyles that contribute to hair-loss and thinning hair.

Very tight cornrows for instance can cause traction alopecia.  Try avoiding tight cornrows or heavy braids on thin hair.

Other techniques used in styling such as glues. nickle micro rings and clip ins can also irritate the scalp and inflame the hair follicles resulting in hair loss.

It is also worth considering the type of hair extensions being used as some wigs and braiding hair can cause irritation because the user has a nylon allergy.

Want more information and a free consultation email hairextensions@europe.com

descreet-hair-extensions-by-diane-shawe

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